It's Indisputable: Five Facts About Planning and Operating Modern Power Systems

Aaron Bloom, Gregory Brinkman, Anthony Lopez, Hannele Holttinen, Udi Helman, Kate Summers, Jordan Bakke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus Citations


An indisputable fact cannot be rebutted. It is supported by theory and experience. Over the past 25 years, wind and solar generation has undergone dramatic growth, resulting in a variety of experiences that model the integration of wind and solar into the planning and operation of modern electric power systems. In this article, we bring together examples from Europe, North America, and Australia to identify five indisputable facts about planning and operating modern power systems. Taken together, we hope these experiences can help build consensus among the engineering and public policy communities about the current state of wind and solar integration and also facilitate conversations about evolving future challenges.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)22-30
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A20-68735


  • electricity supply industry
  • frequency control
  • market research
  • power markets
  • power system economics
  • power system reliability
  • power systems planning
  • wind power generation


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