Kinetic Study of the Acid Degradation of Lignin Model Compound Intermediates: Abstract No. ORGN-866

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Lignin is a major constituent of biomass, which remains underutilized in selective biomass conversion strategies to renewable fuels and chemicals. Here we are interested in understanding the mechanisms related to the acid deconstruction of lignin with a combined theoretical and experimental approach. Two model dimers with a b-O-4 aryl ether linkage (2-phenoxy-1-phenethanol and2-phenoxy-1-phenyl-1,3 propanediol) were synthesized and deconstructed in H2SO4. The major products of the acidolysis of the b-O-4 compounds consisted of phenol and two aldehydes, phenylacetaldehyde and benzaldehyde. Quantum mechanical calculations were employed to elucidate possible deconstruction mechanisms with transition state theory. To confirm the proposed mechanisms a kentic study ofseveral possible intermediates was done under similar acidolysis conditions. Epoxystyrene and 1-phenyl-1,2-ethandiol were used as intermediates. 2-phenoxyvinylbenzene was synthesized and subsequently deconstructed in H2SO4. The kinetics and product distribution of these intermediates were then used in confirming our proposed mechanisms.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2012
EventAmerican Chemical Society. 244th ACS National Meeting - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Duration: 19 Aug 201223 Aug 2012

Conference

ConferenceAmerican Chemical Society. 244th ACS National Meeting
CityPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
Period19/08/1223/08/12

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5100-56377

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