Kinetics of Hydrogen Activation on Ceria-Zirconia

Sarah M. Schimming, Guo Shiou Foo, Onaje D. Lamont, Allyson K. Rogers, Matthew M. Yung, Andrew D. D'Amico, Carsten Sievers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Ceria-zirconias are popular catalysts and supports for metal particles. Even without supported metal particles, these materials are active for hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation reactions, where oxygen vacancies serve as the active site. To gain a detailed understanding of the ability of ceria-based catalysts to dissociatively adsorb hydrogen, H2-D2 exchange is studied as a test reaction. The density of exchangeable hydrogen per surface area approaches the values for typical metal surfaces. Below 250 °C, H2-D2 exchange occurs at oxygen vacancies with an activation energy of ca. 24 kJ mol-1. At higher temperatures, additional sites at the edges of ceria-zirconia crystallites contribute to the reaction. The kinetics and the density of active sites for dissociative adsorption of hydrogen are correlated with physicochemical properties of the catalysts. Specifically, the crystallite size has a strong influence on the reactivity of different samples.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)335-347
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume329
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5100-64620

Keywords

  • Deuterium
  • Dissociative adsorption
  • Hydrodeoxygenation
  • Hydrogenation
  • Isotopic exchange
  • Oxygen storage capacity

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