LA100 Equity Strategies. Chapter 11: Truck Electrification for Improved Air Quality and Health

Vikram Ravi, Yun Li, Garvin Heath, Isaias Marroquin, Megan Day, Julien Walzberg

Research output: NRELTechnical Report

Abstract

The LA100 Equity Strategies project integrates community guidance with robust research, modeling, and analysis to identify strategy options that can increase equitable outcomes in Los Angeles' clean energy transition. This report focuses on truck electrification as a means to improve air quality and health in traffic and air quality disadvantaged communities. It also identifies potential strategies to more equitably distribute air quality benefits from electrification of trucks, defined here as heavy-duty vehicles over 8,500 pounds (lbs) gross vehicle weight. Specifically, NREL analyzed 1) baseline air pollutant emissions, 2) emissions reductions associated with incremental increases in electrification of three types of heavy-duty trucks in 2035, and 3) resultant changes to air pollutant concentrations for selected census tracts along major roadways in disadvantaged and non-disadvantaged communities for comparison. In addition, NREL analyzed the impact of estimated pollutant concentrations on several health effects and the distribution of those health effects by disadvantaged community status. NREL's analysis is complemented by a University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) analysis of air quality benefits from transportation electrification, which included light-duty vehicles (Chapter 15) and evaluated regional air-quality changes across Los Angeles. Research was guided by input from the community engagement process, and associated equity strategies are presented in alignment with that guidance.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages84
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A20-85958

Keywords

  • air quality
  • disadvantaged communities
  • equity
  • health
  • heavy-duty trucks
  • Los Angeles
  • pollutants

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