LA100 Equity Strategies. Chapter 2: Procedural Justice

Nicole Rosner, Lis Blanco, Patricia Romero-Lankao, Daniel Zimny-Schmitt

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The LA100 Equity Strategies project synthesizes community guidance with robust research, modeling, and analysis to identify strategy options that can increase equitable outcomes in Los Angeles' clean energy transition. Grounded in the analysis of past and ongoing energy inequities and engagement with underserved communities, the project presents community-guided and community-tailored strategies that aim to operationalize recognition and procedural justice. This chapter focuses on procedural justice, examining priorities identified during the community engagement portion of the LA100 Equity Strategies project. This process, and our approach to partnering with community-based organizations (CBOs) and the communities they serve, was developed from the baseline analysis in Chapter 1, which centers on recognition justice, examining past and current inequities in LA. Recognition, procedural, and distributional justice are the three tenets of energy justice around which the LA100 Equity Strategies project is organized. Procedural justice prioritizes fair, equitable, and inclusive participation in the decision-making process. This tenet's practical application entails who is invited and able to participate, whose voices are considered as decisions are made, the co-development of procedures to inform this deliberative process, and who has access to formal measures of regulation and accountability. Engaging with Angelenos to examine the causes of inequities and identify impact areas and priorities that center community experiences, values, and goals represents a first step in developing energy equity strategies for the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) to achieve distributional justice - the just and equitable distribution of energy benefits and burdens in LA's energy transition. Equity, as community members insisted, is about making - and following through with - a commitment to prioritize historically underserved and overburdened communities. Community engagement is a principal method for operationalizing this commitment, guiding our analytic approach and potential equity strategies. Using procedural justice as an analytical tool, this chapter presents the LA100 Equity Strategies approach to community engagement from 2021 to 2023 and the results of this process in relation to community-identified barriers and burdens impacting procedural justice outcomes. We analyze the procedural elements of reaching the equity goals Angelenos set to inform future LADWP decision-making and program development.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages67
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-85949


  • community
  • community engagement
  • equity
  • justice
  • Los Angeles
  • procedural justice


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