Levelized Cost of Dispensed Hydrogen for Heavy-Duty Vehicles

Justin Bracci, Mariya Koleva, Mark Chung

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This paper estimates the expected ranges of levelized cost of dispensed hydrogen at heavy-duty refueling stations. The analysis assesses a range of scenarios including type of production (centralized vs. onsite, market size in terms of number of vehicles, size of refueling station, utilization rates of the refueling stations, and pathway of delivery of hydrogen). Because delivery of liquid hydrogen is more cost effective at higher volumes than delivery of gaseous hydrogen, this paper only considers delivery of liquid hydrogen except in the case of onsite production.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages18
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-88818


  • FCEV
  • fuel cell electric vehicles
  • heavy-duty FCEV
  • hydrogen
  • hydrogen refueling stations


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