Life-Cycle Assessment of the Use of Jatropha Biodiesel in Indian Locomotives (Revised)

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


With India's transportation sector relying heavily on imported petroleum-based fuels, the Planning Commission of India and the Indian government recommended the increased use of blended biodiesel in transportation fleets, identifying Jatropha as a potentially important biomass feedstock. The Indian Oil Corporation and Indian Railways are collaborating to increase the use of biodiesel blends inIndian locomotives with blends of up to B20, aiming to reduce GHG emissions and decrease petroleum consumption. To help evaluate the potential for Jatropha-based biodiesel in achieving sustainability and energy security goals, this study examines the life cycle, net GHG emission, net energy ratio, and petroleum displacement impacts of integrating Jatropha-based biodiesel into locomotiveoperations in India. In addition, this study identifies the parameters that have the greatest impact on the sustainability of the system.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages102
StatePublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Supercedes December 2008 version.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-6A2-44428


  • B20
  • biodiesel
  • greenhouse gas emissions (GHG)
  • India
  • indian locomotives
  • Indian Oil Corporation
  • Indian Railways
  • Jatropha
  • life-cycle
  • null
  • transportation sector


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