Loads Response That is Due to Wake Steering on a Pair of Utility-Scale Wind Turbines

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The goal of this report is to present the resulting turbine loads of a full-scale wind turbine wake steering field campaign. In this experiment, wake steering controls were applied to an upwind turbine (T2) and the downwind turbine (T3) was instrumented to measure mechanical loads. The test subjects (T2 & T3) were GE 1.5SLE CWE turbines located on a wind farm with a prevailing wind direction coming from the northwest. The data collection strategy involved toggling the wake steering controls of T2 between on and off. This resulted in two databases (baseline and wake steered) with similar turbulence intensities. Valid data was extracted and processed. The analysis involved scaling data to engineering units, applying coordinate transformations where applicable, calculating 10-minutes statistics, and calculating damage equivalent loads (DELs) to assess fatigue. Figures are shown as statistics and DELs binned by wind speed with supplemental scatter plots provided in the appendices. Results between the baseline and wake steered databases were compared. Overall, the binned statistics showed minimal differences in loading between the two cases. However, the DELs of the wake steered case were observed to be consistently smaller than the baseline for most of the turbine components. A potential for future work was recognized based on the findings of this report. Some areas of further study include an analysis for more granular loads sensitivity to different yaw offset angles and rotor wake overlap, an in-depth comparison of loads between the upwind and downwind turbines, and further fatigue analysis to quantify differences observed in this experiment.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages50
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5000-79187


  • bending moments
  • controls
  • damage equivalent loads
  • data acquisition
  • fatigue
  • loads
  • statisitics
  • strain gage
  • utility-scale
  • wake steering
  • wind turbine


Dive into the research topics of 'Loads Response That is Due to Wake Steering on a Pair of Utility-Scale Wind Turbines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this