Long Duration Thermal Storage for Solar Thermal High Pressure Steam IPH

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    Solar thermal central receiver systems are cost effective for electric power and industrial process heat applications. Systems employing molten nitrate salt as both receiver working fluid and storage have previously been evaluated for diurnal thermal storage. This study evaluates the potential of employing a; molten salt receiver for a baseload industrial process plant requiring saturated steamat 68 atm (1000 psi). Two types of thermal storage are evaluated: molten salt, and air and rock. When thermal storage of six hours or less is used, molten nitrate salt alone is the optimum storage. For more than six hours, the optimum storage is a combination of molten salt and air and rock. The air and rock system uses a molten-salt-to-air heat exchanger and a thermocline rock bed heated andcooled by the air. The economic potential of the system is determined. The results depend on the relative cost of fossil fuel and the solar thermal energy costs. The optimum quantity of storage is highly variable, and the range is from no storage to a long duration capacity--48 hours.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages7
    StatePublished - 1982

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-252-1869


    • high pressure steam iph
    • solar
    • thermal storage


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