Low-Cost Solar Water Heating Research and Development Roadmap

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The market environment for solar water heating technology has changed substantially with the successful introduction of heat pump water heaters (HPWHs). The addition of this energy-efficient technology to the market increases direct competition with solar water heaters (SWHs) for available energy savings. It is therefore essential to understand which segment of the market is best suited for HPWHsand focus the development of innovative, low-cost SWHs in the market segment where the largest opportunities exist. To evaluate cost and performance tradeoffs between high performance hot water heating systems, annual energy simulations were run using the program, TRNSYS, and analysis was performed to compare the energy savings associated with HPWH and SWH technologies to conventional methods ofwater heating.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages122
StatePublished - 2012

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5500-54793


  • electric water heaters
  • heat pump water heater (HPWHS)
  • solar water heaters
  • water heating methods


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