Ethers are potential high-performance fuels that can be produced from renewable carbon sources such as biomass, but their combustion properties are not clearly understood. The cetane numbers (CN) for ethers, a measure of autoignition tendency, can range from less than 10 to greater than 100, and predictive tools based upon the molecular structures are desirable in order to focus fuel development research. In this study, we used molecular modeling, chemical kinetic modeling, and experimental measurements to understand the important reactions that lead to the autoignition of methylpropyl ether (MPE), a model for ethers containing alkyl chains long enough for intramolecular hydrogen transfer. These reactions are known to be important in the autoignition of alkanes and ethers and we propose to investigate the relationship between alkyl and ether reaction pathways. A reaction mechanism for MPE was created using MIT's Reaction Mechanism Generator (RMG) and G4 quantum calculation results and models were tested using the ChemKin Pro suite of software. Results from atmospheric pressure, flow tube reactor experiments and rapid compression machine (RCM) experiments were used to test the kinetic model and suggest refinements.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePresented at the 11th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, 24-27 March 2019, Pasadena, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-74913


  • biomass
  • calculation
  • ether
  • high-performance fuels
  • models
  • molecular structure
  • renewable carbon sources


Dive into the research topics of 'Low Temperature Oxidation of Methylpropyl Ether'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this