Machine Learning Analysis of RB-TnSeq Fitness Data Predicts Functional Gene Modules in Pseudomonas putida KT2440: Article No. e00942-23

Andrew Borchert, Alissa Bleem, Hyun Lim, Kevin Rychel, Keven Dooley, Zoe Kellermyer, Tracy Hodges, Bernhard Palsson, Gregg Beckham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is growing interest in engineering Pseudomonas putida KT2440 as a microbial chassis for the conversion of renewable and waste-based feedstocks, and metabolic engineering of P. putida relies on the understanding of the functional relationships between genes. In this work, independent component analysis (ICA) was applied to a compendium of existing fitness data from randomly barcoded transposon insertion sequencing (RB-TnSeq) of P. putida KT2440 grown in 179 unique experimental conditions. ICA identified 84 independent groups of genes, which we call fModules ("functional modules"), where gene members displayed shared functional influence in a specific cellular process. This machine learning-based approach both successfully recapitulated previously characterized functional relationships and established hitherto unknown associations between genes. Selected gene members from fModules for hydroxycinnamate metabolism and stress resistance, acetyl coenzyme A assimilation, and nitrogen metabolism were validated with engineered mutants of P. putida. Additionally, functional gene clusters from ICA of RB-TnSeq data sets were compared with regulatory gene clusters from prior ICA of RNAseq data sets to draw connections between gene regulation and function. Because ICA profiles the functional role of several distinct gene networks simultaneously, it can reduce the time required to annotate gene function relative to manual curation of RB-TnSeq data sets.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages22
JournalmSystems
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2A00-89002

Keywords

  • amino acid metabolism
  • aromatic catabolism
  • functional genomics
  • independent component analysis
  • machine learning
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • RB-TnSeq
  • transposon insertion sequencing

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