Maintaining Grid Reliability - Lessons From Renewable Integration Studies

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other organizations have sponsored numerous research studies over the last two decades to examine the effect of increased wind and solar deployment on grid reliability, including a number of studies that examine grids deriving more than 50% of annual energy from wind and solar. In this report, we discuss key findings from both the research body of knowledge and real-world practice related to grid reliability, and we demonstrate how to plan for and achieve continued reliability in the future as wind and solar deployment increase.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages28
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5C00-89166


  • grid integration
  • reliability
  • renewable energy
  • resource adequacy


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