Mapping Use Cases and Dataset Needs for Benchmarking Buildings Data: Article No. 111224

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A perennial challenge in buildings research is the lack of high-quality datasets that can be relied upon for a wide array of tasks, including model calibration and improving energy efficiency and load flexibility. Instrumenting a building for data collection is resource intensive, so it is important to be methodical in the approach and ensure that resulting data are flexible and useful for a broad range of analyses. This study aims to fill the gaps in characterizing potential use cases for buildings datasets and mapping them to dataset needs using a well-defined data infrastructure. We have developed a systematic mapping strategy between buildings dataset needs and use cases to help streamline the processes of efficiently targeting datasets, designing building sensing systems, and determining buildings research use cases. We selected 14 prospective use cases and 11 refined buildings data categories for developing the preliminary dataset-needs-to-use-cases mapping matrix ('DN-UC mapping matrix') with generic 'Tags' - a detailed sub-level of data categories extracted by justifying the needs of an aspect of the datasets to use cases. We present two example applications of the developed mapping matrix to demonstrate use of the mapping matrix and its effectiveness.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages10
JournalBuilding and Environment
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-87196


  • building datasets
  • building performance
  • data analytics
  • data curation
  • metadata model


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