Market Protocols in ERCOT and Their Effect on Wind Generation

Ramteen Sioshansi, David Hurlbut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus Citations


Integrating wind generation into power systems and wholesale electricity markets presents unique challenges due to the characteristics of wind power, including its limited dispatchability, variability in generation, difficulty in forecasting resource availability, and the geographic location of wind resources. Texas has had to deal with many of these issues beginning in 2002 when it restructured its electricity industry and introduced aggressive renewable portfolio standards that helped spur major investments in wind generation. In this paper we discuss the issues that have arisen in designing market protocols that take account of these special characteristics of wind generation and survey the regulatory and market rules that have been developed in Texas. We discuss the perverse incentives some of the rules gave wind generators to overschedule generation in order to receive balancing energy payments, and steps that have been taken to mitigate those incentive effects. Finally, we discuss more recent steps taken by the market operator and regulators to ensure transmission capacity is available for new wind generators that are expected to come online in the future.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3192-3197
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2010

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A2-46395


  • Reliability
  • Transmission operation
  • Wind integration


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