Materials Research and Development Needs to Enable Efficient and Electrified Buildings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Because of the complexity of modern buildings—with many interconnected materials, components, and systems—fully electrifying buildings will require targeted R&D and efficient coordination across those material, component, and system levels. Because buildings that consume the smallest amount of energy are easier to electrify, energy efficiency is a crucial step toward fully electrified buildings. Materials advances will play an important role in both reducing the energy intensity of buildings and electrifying their remaining energy use. Materials are currently being explored, discovered, synthesized, evaluated, optimized, and implemented across many building components, including solid-state lighting; dynamic windows and opaque envelopes; cold climate heat pumps; thermal energy storage; heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC); refrigeration; non-vapor compression HVAC; and more. In this article, we review the current state-of-the-art of materials for various buildings end uses and discuss R&D challenges and opportunities for both efficiency and electrification. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1176-1186
Number of pages11
JournalMRS Bulletin
Volume46
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-80466

Keywords

  • building materials
  • buildings
  • decarbonization
  • electrification
  • energy efficiency

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