Measurement of the Reversible Hydrogen Storage Capacity of Milligram Ti-6A1-4V Alloy Samples with Temperature Programmed Desorption and Volumetric Techniques

Jeff L. Blackburn, Philip A. Parilla, Thomas Gennett, Katherine E. Hurst, Anne C. Dillon, Michael J. Heben

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Abstract

We report the results of a study using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and a volumetric sorption technique to measure the hydrogen storage capacity of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Samples of various sizes and surface treatments were studied to obtain a statistically meaningful value for the maximum hydrogen storage capacity, as well as to understand the effect of sample size, sample oxidation, and hydrogen charging conditions on the measured capacity. We find a maximum reversible hydrogen storage capacity of ∼3.76 wt% with hydrogen exposures near ambient temperature and pressure. This value is higher than any reported in the literature previously, possibly due to the utilization of very small particles and rapid hydrogen exposures, which allow for equilibration times of approximately 1 h. Comparison of a variety of samples indicates that the measured hydrogen capacity is affected by surface oxidation. Samples generated in a strongly oxidizing environment exhibit decreased hydrogen uptake. The implications of these results are discussed with regards to previously reported capacity values in the literature.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)483-490
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume454
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Apr 2008

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-590-41151

Keywords

  • Hydrogen absorbing materials
  • Metal hydrides
  • Temperature programmed desorption
  • Ti-6Al-4V
  • Titanium

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