Measures of International Manufacturing and Trade of Clean Energy Technologies: Clean Energy Manufacturing Analysis Center (CEMAC)

Research output: NRELPresentation

Abstract

The technologies that produce clean energy, such as solar photovoltaic panels and lithium ion batteries for electric vehicles, are globally manufactured and traded. As demand and deployment of these technologies grows exponentially, the innovation to reach significant economies of scale and drive down energy production costs becomes less in the technology and more in the manufacturing of the technology. Manufacturing innovations and other manufacturing decisions can reduce costs of labor, materials, equipment, operating costs, and transportation, across all the links in the supply chain. To better understand the manufacturing aspect of the clean energy economy, we have developed key metrics for systematically measuring and benchmarking international manufacturing of clean energy technologies. The metrics are: trade, market size, manufacturing value-added, and manufacturing capacity and production. These metrics were applied to twelve global economies and four representative technologies: wind turbine components, crystalline silicon solar photovoltaic modules, vehicle lithium ion battery cells, and light emitting diode packages for efficient lighting and other consumer products. The results indicated that clean energy technologies are being developed via complex, dynamic, and global supply chains, with individual economies benefiting from different technologies and links in the supply chain, through both domestic manufacturing and global trade.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2017

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2017 Industry Studies Conference, 24-26 May 2017, Washington, D.C.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A50-68473

Keywords

  • 2017
  • analysis
  • CEMAC
  • clean energy
  • Clean Energy Manufacturing Analysis Center
  • hydrogen
  • hydropower
  • manufacturing
  • photovoltaics
  • research
  • wind industry

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