Mechanism Analysis of Wind Turbine VAR Oscillations

Lingling Fan, Zhixin Miao, Shahil Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus Citations


Electromagnetic transient simulation of parallel-connected 4-MW type-3 wind turbines based on original equipment manufacturer's real-code turbine model shows 1.2-Hz turbine-turbine oscillations in reactive power. This letter reveals why such oscillations occur in the individual var measurement while being insignificant in the total var measurement, regardless of the varying grid impedance. We adopt two analysis approaches, i.e., open-loop single-input single-output analysis and network decomposition. These two approaches differ in their treatment of turbine-network interaction. The open-loop analysis shows that the turbine-turbine oscillation mode is due to an open-loop system pole being attracted to an open-loop system zero. Furthermore, we use a network decomposition method to explain why this mode is observable in individual vars, while not observable in the total var. The entire system of n turbines can be viewed as n decoupled circuits. For the two-turbine case, the system has an aggregated mode and a turbine-turbine oscillation mode. The aggregated mode is associated with a circuit associated with the total var, while the turbine-turbine oscillation mode is associated with the var difference and is insensitive to the grid parameters.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)10750-10754
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1982-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-82903


  • Admittance matrix
  • eigenvalue decomposition
  • open-loop analysis
  • oscillations


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