Method of Fabricating Electrodes Including High-Capacity, Binder-Free Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Chunmei Ban (Inventor), Zhuangchun Wu (Inventor), Anne Dillon (Inventor)

Research output: Patent


An electrode (110) is provided that may be used in an electrochemical device (100) such as an energy storage/discharge device, e.g., a lithium-ion battery, or an electrochromic device, e.g., a smart window. Hydrothermal techniques and vacuum filtration methods were applied to fabricate the electrode (110). The electrode (110) includes an active portion (140) that is made up of electrochemically active nanoparticles, with one embodiment utilizing 3d-transition metal oxides to provide the electrochemical capacity of the electrode (110). The active material (140) may include other electrochemical materials, such as silicon, tin, lithium manganese oxide, and lithium iron phosphate. The electrode (110) also includes a matrix or net (170) of electrically conductive nanomaterial that acts to connect and/or bind the active nanoparticles (140) such that no binder material is required in the electrode (110), which allows more active materials (140) to be included to improve energy density and other desirable characteristics of the electrode. The matrix material (170) may take the form of carbon nanotubes, such as single-wall, double-wall, and/or multi-wall nanotubes, and be provided as about 2 to 30 percent weight of the electrode (110) with the rest being the active material (140).
Original languageAmerican English
Patent number9,543,054
Filing date10/01/17
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PT-5900-69095


  • electrochemical devices
  • electrochromic devices
  • electrodes
  • lithium-ion batteries


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