Metrics for Decision-Making in Energy Justice

Erin Baker, Sanya Carley, Sergio Castellanos, Destinie Nock, Joe Bozeman III, David Konisky, Chukwuka Monyei, Monisha Shah, Benjamin Sovacool

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus Citations


Energy equity and justice have become priority considerations for policymakers, practitioners, and scholars alike. To ensure that energy equity is incorporated into actual decisions and analysis, it is necessary to design, use, and continually improve energy equity metrics. In this article, we review the literature and practices surrounding such metrics. We present a working definition for energy justice and equity, and connect them to both criteria for and frameworks of metrics. We then present a large sampling of energy equity metrics, including those focused on vulnerability, wealth creation, energy poverty, life cycle, and comparative country-level dynamics.We conclude with a discussion of the limitations, gaps, and trade-offs associated with these various metrics and their interactions thereof.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)737-760
Number of pages24
JournalAnnual Review of Environment and Resources
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A20-86268


  • decision-making
  • distributive justice
  • energy equity
  • metrics
  • procedural justice
  • recognition justice


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