Mobility, Energy, and Electric Vehicle Typology for New York State

Alana Wilson, Daniel Zimny-Schmitt, Joshua Sperling, Patricia Romero Lankao, Clement Rames, Carolina Neri

Research output: NRELPoster


Mobility patterns, technology adoption and associated energy outcomes vary tremendously across settlement types. This paper explores how a highly geographically resolved exploration of the social, economic, techno-infrastructural and environmental domains of New York State is key to understanding observed variations in transportation technology adoption and associated mobility and energy outcomes. Current socioeconomic and mobility data sets at the census block group level are integrated in a hierarchical clustering approach to show how variations in mobility and energy outcomes are shaped by these domains - which may enhance progress on investments, or effectively inform planning and other decisions for state-wide goals. The clustering produces four settlement types to predict dependent variables of electric vehicle (EV) adoption rates, commute mode, vehicle fuel economy, and vehicles per household. This typology shows EV adoption rates among the core urban population, which is wealthy and highly-educated, are high - 3 EVs/1000 vehicles versus 1 EV/1000 vehicles among the urban working class. Commuting mode is closely linked with population and employment density - more than 90% of core urbanites use transit or active modes, compared with only 22% of suburbanites and 17% of rural residents. Household vehicle ownership also varies, with 2 vehicles per household in rural areas and only 0.5 in core urban settings. Important findings on differences among the rural, suburban, urban, and urban core settlement types suggest a need to explore how best to manage and anticipate very different types of services that may be supportive in achieving energy-efficient and affordable mobility systems state-wide.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2020 Transportation Research Board (TRB) 99th Annual Meeting, 12-16 January 2020, Washington, D.C.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-5400-75081


  • electric vehicle adoption
  • energy efficient mobility
  • New York State
  • socio-demographic typology
  • transportation technology


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