Model Predictive Control and Optimization for Battery Charging and Discharging

Kandler Smith (Inventor), Michael Trimboli (Inventor), Gregory Plett (Inventor), Regan Zane (Inventor), Dragan Maksimovic (Inventor), Michael Evzelman (Inventor), Daniel Costinett (Inventor), Richard Anderson (Inventor)

Research output: Patent


An apparatus for model predictive control (MPC) is disclosed. A method and system also perform the functions of the apparatus. The apparatus includes a measurement module that receives battery status information from one or more sensors receiving information from a battery cell, and a Kalman filter module that uses a Kalman filter and the battery status information to provide a state estimate vector. The apparatus includes a battery model module that inputs the state estimate vector and battery status information into a battery model and calculates a battery model output, the battery model representing the battery cell, and an MPC optimization module that inputs one or more battery model outputs and an error signal in a model predictive control algorithm to calculate an optimal response. The optimal response includes a modification of the error signal.
Original languageAmerican English
Patent number10,298,026 B2
Filing date21/05/19
StatePublished - 2019

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PT-5400-74069


  • battery
  • model predictive control
  • optimization module
  • state estimate vector


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