Model Predictive Control for Optimal Dispatch of Chillers and Thermal Energy Storage Tank in Airports: Article No. 114120

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cost of energy consumption is one of the biggest operational cost for airports, and it is increasing from time to time as airports expand to support growing number of passengers. Various factors affect the energy consumption including efficiency of airport Heating Ventilation and Air conditioning (HVAC) systems, which in turn depends on the efficiency of individual subsystems. In this paper, we present an optimal scheduling method for the central plant system at Dallas Fort Worth airport, involving chillers, pumps, and a thermal energy storage (TES) system. A model predictive control (MPC) problem is formulated to minimize both energy and demand charge costs while satisfying the cooling needs of the airport. The proposed Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming (MINLP) formulation includes performance curve based models for chillers and pumps and a simplified state of charge model for TES. The formulation also includes predictions of cooling load and chilled water return temperature. Simulation results for a month in summer show savings around 10% compared to the baseline. Initial recommendations based on insights from simulation results to the manual operation procedures resulted in significant savings. Field test results show a 7% chiller efficiency improvement.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume311
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-83964

Keywords

  • building central plant
  • building operation
  • model predictive control

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