Modeling Framework and Results to Inform Charging Infrastructure Investments

Eric Wood, Matteo Muratori, Shawn Salisbury, John Smart, Clement Rames

Research output: NRELPresentation


Plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) sales in the United States increased by 40% in 2016, reaching a total stock of over 500,000 vehicles. Still, widespread market adoption of PEVs remains hindered by many factors, including a lack of a convenient and ubiquitous network of charging stations. Understanding the barriers to and benefits of deploying a widespread and effective network of PEV charging stations, also known as electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), is particularly important. Such a network would promote PEV consumer acceptance and market growth, enable long-distance travel for BEVs (alleviating the range anxiety concerns of many consumers), and potentially increase the share of electric miles driven by PHEVs. Infrastructure planning must anticipate PEV adoption while remaining cost-effective so low station utilization does not severely undermine the business case for building and operating stations. This project presents an approach for developing a U.S. network of non-residential EVSE that enables broader PEV adoption and maximizes PEV use. This analysis can help inform various public and private stakeholders who are seeking to provide nationwide charging coverage and improve the business case for building stations by maximizing station utilization.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2018 Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 18-21 June 2018, Washington, D.C.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-71488


  • charging infrastructure
  • Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Projection Tool
  • electric vehicle supply equipment
  • electric vehicles
  • zero emission vehicles


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