Modeling Future Demand for EV Charging Infrastructure

Brennan Borlaug, Yanbo Ge, D.-Y. Lee, Zhaocai Liu, Eddie Rose, Lauren Spath Luhring, Maria St. Louis-Sanchez, Eric Wood, Fan Yang

Research output: NRELPresentation


U.S. climate goals for economy-wide net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 require rapid decarbonization of the light-duty vehicle fleet and plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) are poised to become the preferred technology for achieving this end. Considerable investments in public and private EV charging infrastructure will be needed to support widespread adoption, however, guidance is lacking on when, where, and what types of chargers will be needed. In this PLMA Load Management Dialogue session, researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) discuss findings from a recent quantitative assessment of the charging network requirements to support high penetrations of light-duty EVs by 2030. The study produced multiple detailed network growth trajectories at the national, state, and local levels that serve as a guidepost for future planning. In addition, an overview of NREL's publicly accessible EV infrastructure tools and data sets, designed to support planning and decision-making for EV infrastructure stakeholders, is provided.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages55
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-87021


  • charging infrastructure
  • electric vehicles
  • EV
  • EVSE
  • forecasting
  • managed charging


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