Modeling U.S. Light-Duty Demand for EV Charging Infrastructure in 2030

Research output: NRELPresentation


With the support of DOE's Vehicle Technologies Office and the DOE/DOT Joint Office (JO), NREL has applied the EVI-X modeling suite to conduct a National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Needs Assessment. This report considers a 2030 scenario in which 50% of light-duty sales are electric (including plug-in hybrids), resulting in an on-road stock of 33 million vehicles. We consider the needs of vehicles used for typical daily driving, drivers without access to residential charging, corridor charging supporting long-distance travel, and ride-hailing electrification. We find that a cumulative capital investment of $82 billion in public and private charging infrastructure will be necessary in our baseline scenario (approximately 3x greater than our estimate of planned investments to date). This result is framed as a conservative estimate as the assumed costs include charging equipment and installation but exclude the cost of grid upgrades and distributed energy resources.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages18
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-86980


  • electric vehicles
  • EV charging
  • EVSE


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