Modelling Hydrogen Reduction and Hydrodeoxygenation of Oxygenates: Abstract No. ENFL-192

Yufeng Zhao

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Based on Density Functional Theory (DFT) simulations, we have studied the reduction of nickel oxide and biomass derived oxygenates (catechol, guaiacol, etc.) in hydrogen. Both the kinetic barrier and thermodynamic favorability are calculated with respect to the modeled reaction pathways. In early-stage reduction of the NiO(100) surface by hydrogen, the pull-off of the surface oxygen atom andsimultaneous activation of the nearby Ni atoms coordinately dissociate the hydrogen molecules so that a water molecule can be formed, leaving an oxygen vacancy on the surface. In hydrogen reaction with oxygenates catalyzed by transition metals, hydrogenation of the aromatic carbon ring normally dominates. However, selective deoxygenation is of particular interest for practical application suchas biofuel conversion. Our modeling shows that doping of the transition metal catalysts can change the orientation of oxygenates adsorbed on metal surfaces. The correlation between the selectivity of reaction and the orientation of adsorption are discussed.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2013
EventAmerican Chemical Society. 245th ACS National Meeting - New Orleans, Louisiana
Duration: 7 Apr 201311 Apr 2013


ConferenceAmerican Chemical Society. 245th ACS National Meeting
CityNew Orleans, Louisiana

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5900-58867


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