Modified Cu-Zn-Al Mixed Oxide Dual Function Materials Enable Reactive Carbon Capture to Methanol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reactive carbon capture (RCC), an integrated CO2 capture and conversion process that does not require generating a purified CO2 stream, is an attractive carbon management strategy that can reduce costs and energy requirements associated with traditionally separate capture and conversion processes. Dual function materials (DFMs) comprised of co-supported sorbent sites and catalytic sites have emerged as a promising material design to enable RCC. DFMs have been extensively studied for methane production, but the noncompetitive economics of methane necessitates the development of DFMs to target more valuable, useful, and versatile products, like methanol. Herein, we report the development of modified Cu-Zn-Al mixed oxide (Alk/CZA, Alk = K, Ca) DFMs for combined capture and conversion of CO2 to methanol. CO2 chemisorption, in situ DRIFTS characterization, and co-fed hydrogenation performance revealed that K and Ca have different effects on the CO2 capture and catalytic behavior of the parent CZA. K-modification resulted in the greatest promotional effect on capture capacity but the most detrimental effect on co-fed hydrogenation catalytic activity. Interestingly, when used in a cyclic temperature-and-pressure-swing RCC operation, K/CZA exhibited a greater conversion of adsorbed CO2 (94.4%) with high methanol selectivity (46%), leading to greater methanol production (59.0 umol gDFM-1) than the parent CZA or Ca/CZA (13.2 and 18.9 umol gDFM-1, respectively). This study presents the foundational methodology for the design and evaluation of novel DFMs to target renewable methanol synthesis, highlighted by a critical learning that co-fed CO2 hydrogenation performance is not an effective indicator of RCC performance.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalEES Catalysis
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5100-88009

Keywords

  • CO2 hydrogenation
  • Cu-Zn-Al mixed oxide
  • dual function material
  • reactive carbon capture
  • renewable methanol

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