Morphology, Microstructure, and Doping Behaviour: A Comparison Between Different Deposition Methods for Poly‐Si/SiOx Passivating Contacts: Special Issue: EU PVSEC

Thien Truong, Di Yan, Cam-Phu Nguyen, Teng Kho, Harvey Guthrey, Jan Seidel, Mowafak Al-Jassim, Andres Cuevas, Daniel Macdonald, Hieu Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Crystallographic structures, optoelectronic properties, and nanoscale surface morphologies of ex situ phosphorus-doped polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si)/SiOx passivating contacts, formed by different deposition methods (sputtering, plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition [PECVD], and low-pressure chemical vapour deposition [LPCVD]), are investigated and compared. Across all these deposition technologies, we noted the same trend: higher diffusion temperatures yield films that are more crystalline but that have rougher surface morphologies due to bigger surface crystal grains. Also, the recrystallization process of the as-deposited Si films starts from the SiOx interface, rather than from the film surface and bulk. However, there are some distinct differences among these technologies. First, the LPCVD method yields the lowest deposition rate, roughest surfaces, and smallest degree of crystallinity on finished poly-Si films. In contrast, the PECVD method has the highest deposition rate and smoothest surfaces for both as-deposited Si and annealed poly-Si films. Second, as-deposited sputtered and PECVD Si films contain only an amorphous phase, whereas as-deposited LPCVD films already has some crystalline phase. Third, the LPCVD phosphorus in-diffusion into the substrate depends strongly on the initial film thickness, whereas for the other two methods, it is weakly dependent on thickness. Finally, the passivation quality of every poly-Si film type has different responses to the film thickness and diffusion temperature, suggesting that the ex situ doping optimization should be performed independently.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)857-868
Number of pages12
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-79634

Keywords

  • crystallographic structures
  • optoelectronic properties
  • passivating contacts
  • POLO
  • poly-Si
  • surface morphologies
  • TOPCon

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