Muconic Acid Production from P. putida Using High Protein Algae Hydrolysate

Research output: NRELPoster


The composition of algal biomass is highly dynamic, with protein, lipid, and carbohydrate contents varying in response to nutrient and environmental conditions during cultivation. Because shifts in biomass composition are often associated with reduced biomass productivity, production costs can often increase if targeting higher biomass compositional quality (enriched in carbohydrates or lipids at reduced protein content) as input for the algal biorefinery. The optimal algal biorefinery configuration is thus a function of many factors. One of the key strengths of the Combined Algal Processing (CAP) process is the versatility of feedstocks and products produced. The concept has been demonstrated with ethanol and a variety of carboxylic acids (succinic, butyric, muconic) as coproducts along with lipid upgrading to biofuel. Modification of the approaches, processes and downstream upgrading to fuels has allowed the CAP process to reduce costs and improve efficiency. Muconic acid is a high-value, potential fermentation coproduct of interest because it can be easily converted to adipic acid, a high-volume monomer for the production of nylon and other valuable consumer plastics. As such, the production of muconic acid through CAP was explored to expand the suite of products from algal biomass and to begin exploring the valorization of high protein content biomass from rapidly grown algae biomass. We have established initial performance parameters and shown that the range of substrates consumed by the muconic acid-producing microbe, Pseudomonas putida, includes at least glucose, mannose, glycerol, and lactic acid. We achieved complete utilization of these four major hydrolysate substrates achieving productivities of 0.037 (g/L/h) from Scenedesmus obliquus and 0.029 (g/L/h) from Monoraphidium minutum hydrolysates. Final titer and process yield (mol of muconic acid per mol of substrate (molP/molS)) were 0.99 g/L and 0.42 molP/molS from S. obliquus hydrolysate and 0.75 g/L and 0.23 molP/molS from M. minutum hydrolysate, respectively.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the 44th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels & Chemicals, 1-4 May 2022, New Orleans, Louisiana

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-2700-82803


  • combined algal process
  • muconic acid
  • P. putida


Dive into the research topics of 'Muconic Acid Production from P. putida Using High Protein Algae Hydrolysate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this