Multi-Modal Energy Analysis for Inter-City Freight Movement

Research output: NRELPresentation


This project addresses the impact of emerging technologies on inter-city freight energy demand, shipping time, and cost. Technologies addressed include electrified long-haul trucks, connectivity and efficient operations, and platooning. The research questions are addressed using national level analysis, a multi-modal inter-city freight energy model, and development of a Freight Mobility Energy Productivity (F-MEP) metric. This project improves on national level analysis and modeling completed in prior fiscal years by disaggregating freight flows both geographically and temporally and incorporating both energy and cost in the modeling framework. The inter-city freight energy model uses a bi-level optimization approach to minimize total network cost (lower level) and energy (upper level). Two new F-MEP frameworks are presented, one for intra-city freight mobility and one for inter-city freight mobility.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages21
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2019 Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 10-13 June 2019, Arlington, Virginia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-73676


  • electric long-haul
  • multi-modal inter-city freight energy
  • optimized freight network


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