Multiphase Modeling in a Parallel Plate Fluidized Bed Receiver for Concentrating Solar Power: Paper No. ES2023-106824

Krutika Appaswamy, Jason Schirck, Chathusha Wedikkara, Aaron Morris, Zhiwen Ma

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


A novel high temperature particle solar receiver is developed by using a light trapping planar cavity configuration. As particles fall through the cavity, the concentrated solar radiation warms the boundaries of the receiver and in turn heats the particles. Particles flow through the system, forming a packed bed at the lower end, leaving the system from the bottom at a constant flow rate. Air is introduced to the system as the fluidizing medium to improve particle heat transfer and mixing. A laboratory scale cavity receiver is built and a near IR quartz lamp is used to provide flux to the vertical wall of the heat exchanger. The system is modeled using a continuum two-fluid method. The computational model matches the experimental system size and the particle size distribution is assumed monodisperse. A conduction model that accounts for the effects of solid concentration is implemented, and the heat flux boundary condition matches the experimental setup. Radiative heat transfer is estimated using a widely used correlation during the post-processing step to determine an overall heat transfer coefficient. The model is validated against testing data and achieves less than 30% discrepancy and a heat transfer coefficient greater than 1000 W/m2K.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5700-88274


  • CSP
  • fluidized bed
  • heat exchanger
  • TFM


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