Nanocrystal-Enabled Perovskite Heterojunctions in Photovoltaic Applications and Beyond

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Abstract

Heterojunctions are used to tailor the properties of semiconductors in optoelectronic devices, yet for emerging devices composed of metal halide perovskites, fabricating perovskite/perovskite heterojunctions has proved challenging due to solvent incompatibilities and rapid homogenization due to ion migration. Recent studies have demonstrated various strategies for using perovskite nanocrystals as a component to fabricate perovskite/perovskite heterojunctions, either with a perovskite thin film or a second nanocrystal layer. Heterojunctions such as these can impart many advantages of both bulk and nanocrystalline perovskite morphologies. This perspective focuses on recent developments of solution-processed perovskite heterojunctions for solar cells and novel optoelectronic devices, in particular, highlighting the demonstrated and potential advantages of nanocrystal-enabled fabrication strategies. A central tenet of this perspective is that the synthesis and dispersion of perovskite nanocrystals in non-polar organic solvents offers a key processing advantage over traditional perovskite precursor solutions in polar solvents since the former allows for layer-by-layer deposition without dissolving an underlying perovskite film or crystal. This processing advantage, coupled with nanocrystal size control and ligand chemistry, enables perovskite heterojunctions with highly tunable optical and electrical properties. Such heterojunctions may enable disruptive technological advances in broad classes of devices such as solar cells, photodetectors, sensors, and (in)coherent photon sources with tunable polarization.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2204351
Number of pages15
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume13
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Energy Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-84204

Keywords

  • heterojunctions
  • nanocrystals
  • perovskites
  • photovoltaics
  • quantum dots

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