Nanoscale LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries via a Polymer-Assisted Chemical Solution Method

Anthony Burrell, Di Huang, Yang Shi, Adam Tornheim, Javier Bareno, Zheng Chen, Zhengcheng Zhang, Hongmei Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus Citations

Abstract

A novel and facile polymer-assisted chemical solution method is successfully developed for the synthesis of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (NCM) with unique morphology and nanoparticle nature as cathodes for lithium-ion batteries. At calcination temperature up to 800 °C and 900 °C, NCM with hexagonal crystal structure of layered α-NaFeO2 (R3¯m spacing group) is formed and a lower degree of Ni/Li cation mixing for sample heated at 900 °C is determined by XRD Rietveld refinement. SEM and TEM images reveal the uniform size distribution of nanoparticles. HRTEM confirms the single crystalline nature of particles with layered structure. XPS verifies the oxidation state of Co3+, Mn4+, Ni2+ and Ni3+. As compared with the sample prepared at 800 °C, the sample heated at 900 °C exhibits a higher initial discharge specific capacity of 189 mAh g−1 being charged to 4.5 V at a current rate of 0.05 C, and better cyclability at 4.3 V cutoff voltage at a current density of 1 C. This method has demonstrated easy tuning compositions and particle sizes of cathode materials.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)342-350
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Materials Today
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5F00-74487

Keywords

  • Cation mixing
  • Layered cathode materials
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Polymer-assisted solution method
  • Rietveld refinement

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