National Economic Value Assessment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles: Volume I

Marc Melaina, Brian Bush, Joshua Eichman, Eric Wood, Dana Stright, Venkat Krishnan, David Keyser, Trieu Mai, Joyce McLaren

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The adoption of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) can reduce household fuel expenditures by substituting electricity for gasoline while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and petroleum imports. A scenario approach is employed to provide insights into the long-term economic value of increased PEV market growth across the United States. The analytic methods estimate fundamental costs and benefits associated with an economic allocation of PEVs across households based upon household driving patterns, projected vehicle cost and performance attributes, and simulations of a future electricity grid. To explore the full technological potential of PEVs and resulting demands on the electricity grid, very high PEV market growth projections from previous studies are relied upon to develop multiple future scenarios.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages155
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-66980


  • electric vehicle
  • ev
  • pev
  • plug-in electric vehicle
  • transportation
  • vehicle analysis
  • vehicle modeling


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