National Hydrogen Scenarios: How Many Stations, Where, and When?

Marc Melaina, Brian Bush, Matteo Muratori, Jarett Zuboy, Stephen Ellis

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


This report examines development scenarios for hydrogen station networks needed to support a national rollout of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) in the United States. It was developed within the framework of the U.S. public-private collaboration known as H2USA, with approximately 50 partners committed to enabling hydrogen infrastructure for FCEV adoption. In this report, an internally consistent analytic modeling method simulates how station networks might develop across cities and regions, assuming that successful planning and coordination activities result in a rollout of FCEVs and stations similar to California's. These scenarios are not forecasts of future market outcomes. Rather, they provide insight to various public and private stakeholders engaged in the planning and coordination required to help facilitate their own station networks, while reducing hydrogen station investment risks.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages36
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Originally published by H2USA; see

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-71083


  • fuel cell electric vehicle
  • H2USA
  • hydrogen refueling station
  • hydrogen station
  • national scenario
  • SERA
  • systems analysis


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