Navigating Options for Transportation Electrification and Solar Charging: Steps and Lessons Learned in Montana Communities

Andrew Valainis, Kyla Maki, Chase Jones, Natalie Meyer, Amy Cilimburg, Sara Farrar (NREL Technical Monitor)

Research output: NRELSubcontract Report


This document is intended to assist communities who are considering investing in electric transportation. It can assist communities engage stakeholders, prioritize community goals, assess electric transportation options, and navigate complex decisions about deploying zero emission electric transportation in their community. It covers technological, economic and environmental aspects of the transition to electric vehicles (EV), and highlights the specific considerations related to the deployment of renewable energy technologies (e.g., distributed solar) in combination with EV supply equipment (EVSE, e.g., charging stations). There are many important decisions to make and questions for communities to ask themselves as they consider electric vehicle types, charging infrastructure, and electricity generation options. This guide will help communities assess: (1) Which stage in the decision-making process they are in with respect to EV deployment; (2) Questions they can explore to guide their decisions about EV deployment; (3) How to engage key stakeholders on EV deployment options; (4) Tradeoffs and benefits of various electric transportation options and; (5) Synergies of pairing electric vehicle charging and renewable energy generation technologies. The analysis and lessons learned presented in this roadmap are intended to serve as a template and guide for similarly situated communities across the country who want to prepare for and play a role in the electrified transportation future.
Original languageAmerican English
PublisherNational Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Number of pages84
StatePublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Work performed by the Montana Renewable Energy Association, Helena, Montana; Montana Department of Environmental Quality, Helena, Montana; City of Missoula, Montana; City of Bozeman, Montana; Climate Smart Missoula, Missoula, Montana

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/SR-7A40-90127


  • charging stations
  • distributed solar
  • electric transportation
  • electric vehicles
  • EV
  • EV supply equipment
  • EVSE
  • roadmap
  • SEIN


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