New York Great Lakes Wind Energy Feasibility Study: NYSERDA Report 22-12

Walt Musial, Rebecca Green, Sarah Courbis, James Frolich, Katy White, Ric Austria, Ric Austria, Johannes Pfeifenberger

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


NYSERDA engaged three contractors to conduct the various analyses comprising this Great Lakes Wind Feasibility Study performed during February 2021 to May 2022. The Study focused on Lake Erie and Lake Ontario and consisted of data gathering, information synthesis, technical analysis, and development of recommendations for next steps to help New York achieve its ambitious Clean Energy Standard. The Study considered existing and emerging technologies for fixed and floating turbines, including icing considerations unique to the Great Lakes, new technology development timelines, geospatial conditions, resource assessment, regulatory processes, permitting requirements and risks, potential conflicts, costs and economic opportunities, electrical infrastructure, and overall cost-reduction pathways. Public engagement was facilitated by NYSERDA throughout the study and included public webinars and a public forum in 2021.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages136
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Report prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Advisian (Worley Group), Pterra Consulting, and The Brattle Group for the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA); see

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5000-82940


  • cost modeling
  • environmental
  • Great Lakes
  • grid interconnection
  • Lake Erie
  • Lake Superior
  • wind energy
  • wind resource


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