NREL Explores Earth-Abundant Materials for Future Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are using a theory-driven technique - sequential cation mutation - to understand the nature and limitations of promising solar cell materials that can replace today's technologies. Finding new materials that use Earth-abundant elements and are easily manufactured is important for large-scale solar electricity deployment.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2012

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-5500-53601


  • binary compounds
  • cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaic solar cells modules
  • CdTe
  • chalcopyrites
  • CIGS
  • copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS)
  • CZTS
  • earth-abundant materials
  • gallium scarcity
  • indium scarcity
  • kesterite
  • large-scale deployment
  • low-cost absorber
  • quaternary compounds
  • sequential cation mutation
  • solar cells
  • SunShot
  • ternary compounds
  • thin film


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