NREL Studies Carrier Separation and Transport in Perovskite Solar Cells

Chun Sheng Jiang, Donald Gwinner

Research output: NRELFact Sheet


NREL scientists studied charge separation and transport in perovskite solar cells by determining the junction structure across the solar device using the nanoelectrical characterization technique of Kelvin probe force microscopy. The distribution of electrical potential across both planar and porous devices demonstrates a p-n junction structure at the interface between titanium dioxide and perovskite. In addition, minority-carrier transport within the devices operates under diffusion/drift. Clarifying the fundamental junction structure provides significant guidance for future research and development. This NREL study points to the fact that improving carrier mobility is a critical factor for continued efficiency gains in perovskite solar cells.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/FS-5K00-65783


  • perovskite
  • perovskite solar cells
  • solar


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