Nucleate Pool Boiling of R-245fa at Low Saturation Temperatures for Hydrogen Precooling Applications

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Experiments were conducted to measure the pool boiling performance of saturated R-245fa at low saturation temperatures (−30 °C, −40 °C, and −50 °C). Horizontally oriented cylindrical heat sources were used as the test samples and were intended to simulate a small section of a hydrogen-filled tube. Measurements evaluated the effects of saturation temperature and two microporous coatings on heat transfer coefficients (HTC), critical heat flux (CHF), and boiling incipient superheat. Results show that boiling performance decreases as the saturation temperature reduces—a result of less active nucleation sites and higher vapor coverage of the heated surface at lower temperatures. Microporous coatings increased HTCs and CHF values, but did not have a significant effect on reducing the boiling incipient superheat. The experimental results were used to develop correlations for nucleate pool boiling on plain and microporous surfaces that can be used to predict HTCs and CHF values at low saturation temperature conditions (down to −50 °C).

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)172-183
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-72625


  • CHF
  • Hydrogen heat exchangers
  • Low-temperature boiling
  • Nucleate pool boiling


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