Numerical Analysis of Regular Material Point Method and its Application to Multiphase Flows

Research output: NRELPresentation


The material point method (MPM) is gaining wide popularity in engineering research to model and simulate complex multiphase flow dynamics. The method relies on solving the governing equations of motion and transport in a Lagrangian framework using particles also known as material points. The fluid and kinematic properties are stored on the material points while the spatial gradient calculation and temporal integration are performed on a background grid. This Lagrangian framework allows for large deformations, easy integration of constitutive models, and direct import of complex geometries as particles. However, despite their increasing popularity, very few studies have addressed the issues of numerical resolution and stability of MPM techniques. The presence of additional factors such as the number of material points-per-cell, the location of the material points, the CFL-like condition used in time update, and the grid shape functions also increase the complexity of the error analysis when compared to other finite element methods. In this presentation, we analyze the various forms of error incurred in the application of MPM to continuum mechanics and multiphase flows. The effect of the previously mentioned factors on the error dynamics is studied. The application of these principles to canonical and industrial problems is also presented.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages21
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePresented at the 2023 NETL Multiphase Flow Science Workshop, 1-2 August 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-2C00-87103


  • high pressure reverse osmosis
  • material point method
  • spectral stability analysis


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