Observation and Modeling of the Thermal Runaway of High-Capacity Pouch Cells Due to an Internal Short Induced by an Indenter: Article No. 108518

Sang-Youn Park, Anudeep Mallarapu, Jaeyoung Kim, Shriram Santhanagopalan, Yongha Han, Byoung-Ho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Owing to the complexity of coupling mechanical and electrical solvers for finite element analysis (FEA) of mechanical abuse of a battery, the simulation should be performed by incorporating a local short circuit model activated based on the status of battery elements. However, the approach should also consider various other conditions of the battery simulated, such as the initial state of charge (SOC), for precise simulations of the internal short. This study proposes an approach developed with a mechanical model and single-particle battery model, along with a reaction kinetics model for thermal abuse using LS-DYNA. Several key parameters were selected, such as the activation criteria, kinetic abuse and element integration points during the internal short circuit induced by the indenter. The impact of these key parameters in the FEA on thermal runaway response for various initial SOCs from 25 to 100 % were analyzed. The FEA results obtained were compared against experimental results with various parameters such as activation criterion of internal short, kinetic abuse based on accelerating rate calorimetry (ARC) data. Finally, the root causes of the discrepancy between the FEA and experimental results are discussed regarding integration point what solver can make difference during calculation.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume72
Issue numberPart C
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5700-87265

Keywords

  • finite element analysis
  • high-capacity pouch battery
  • internal short
  • kinetic abuse
  • state of charge
  • thermal runaway

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