OC6 Phase Ib: Validation of the CFD Predictions of Difference-Frequency Wave Excitation on a FOWT Semisubmersible

Lu Wang, Amy Robertson, Jason Jonkman, Yi-Hsiang Yu, Arjen Koop, Adria Borras Nadal, Haoran Li, Erin Bachynski-Polic, Romain Pinguet, Wei Shi, Xinmeng Zeng, Yang Zhou, Qing Xiao, Rupesh Kumar, Hamid Sarlak, Edward Ransley, Scott Brown, Martyn Hann, Stefan Netzband, Malwin WermbterBeatriz Mendez Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus Citations


During the previous OC511 project, state-of-the-art mid-fidelity engineering tools for floating wind systems were found to consistently underpredict the nonlinear, low-frequency responses of semisubmersible offshore wind platforms, leading to substantial errors in the structural loads because of low-frequency surge and pitch resonance. To examine this underprediction, a coordinated investigation with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and model-basin experiments was carried out. Both investigations involved a fixed and simplified OC5-DeepCwind semisubmersible in bichromatic waves. The wave excitations—especially the nonlinear, difference-frequency excitation—on the structure from the CFD simulations were compared to the experimental measurements for validation, with uncertainty analyses for both the experimental and the CFD results. Further, the wave excitations on each column of the semisubmersible were measured separately in the experiment, allowing the validation of the CFD results to be done on a per-column basis. Overall, the CFD predictions of the difference-frequency excitations agree with the experimental measurements, suggesting the CFD solutions can be used as a reference for tuning and improving the engineering-level tools and can provide a means to better understand the underprediction at low frequencies.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number110026
Number of pages21
JournalOcean Engineering
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-80824


  • Bichromatic wave
  • CFD
  • Nonlinear excitation
  • OC6
  • Offshore wind
  • Validation


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