Ocean Energy: Markets - Currency - Impact. Dimension of & Choices in the Technology Development Space: Preprint

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


This paper presents considerations of the employment of ocean wave energy to support different energy demand side applications. The key aspect in these considerations is the wave energy supported achievable positive impact and associated tangible contribution in service of common societal good and of the natural commons. The level of impact that can be delivered is dependent on both, the level of contribution of the supported energy use application, and the compatibility and unique suitability of the wave energy resource and its characteristics with the needs of the application. Thus, a variety of ocean wave energy markets, the key value indicators or "currency' in which these markets trade the value delivered and the achievable positive impact, are reflected upon. Ocean wave energy supported acquisition of high quality ocean system data across a wide spectrum of system properties is identified as a highly impactful application enabling and/or improving a comprehensive range of impactful ocean system activities. The technology development process towards these markets and desired impacts requires relevant technology development progress guidance and metrics. Going beyond technology readiness levels and technology performance levels, the notion of further technology development progress scales towards high impact and high contribution are proposed. These scales and the associated technology properties can be regarded as additional technology development dimensions to span-up the technology development space in which desired system capability and functional requirement choices and subsequent ideation, innovation, research and technology development decisions can and are to be made.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2023
EventEuropean Wave and Tidal Energy Conference - Bilbao, Spain
Duration: 3 Sep 20237 Sep 2023


ConferenceEuropean Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
CityBilbao, Spain

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-5700-87597 for paper as published in proceedings

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5700-87190


  • data market
  • impact market
  • ocean wave energy market
  • technology development scales
  • technology development space
  • technology impact levels


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