Operating Reserves in ReEDS

Research output: NRELPresentation


This presentation provides an overview of the formulation for operating reserves in the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS), a capacity expansion model. It describes the three reserve products modeled in ReEDS--regulation, spinning (contingency), and flexibility--and highlights recent updates to the modeling approach, including modifications to how storage provides reserves, the constraints on commitment for generators that provide reserves, and the costs for thermal units to provide spinning reserve. The presentation benchmarks operating reserve provision in ReEDS against comparable simulations in PLEXOS, finding that the improved formulation is different but yields results that are holistically similar to those in production cost modeling. In this presentation we also investigate the impact of different reserve options in the model (e.g., allowing wind and solar to provide operating reserves) on the solution. The results thus far indicate that most switches related to operating reserves exert little influence on the outcome on the results. Future work will continue to explore operating reserves in capacity expansion models, particularly for models with different temporal resolution.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages31
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-6A40-81706


  • capacity expansion modeling
  • operating reserves
  • ReEDS
  • reserves
  • storage


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