Opportunistic Hybrid Communications Systems for Distributed PV Coordination

Brian Hodge, Anthony Florita, Adarsh Hasandka, Jin Wei-Kocsis, Dexin Wang, Liuqing Yang, Jianhua Zhang

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


A full-scale, operational implementation of the opportunistic hybrid communications systems for distributed photovoltaic (PV) coordination was successfully developed, simulated, and validated in this 3-year project. The system is considered hybrid because it uses different communications pathways from the scale of residential PV inverters to a transmission network; primary technologies harnessed include Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Network (LoWPAN), Power Line Communication (PLC), WiFi mesh, Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX), Ethernet cable, and Optical Ethernet systems. It is opportunistic in that it chooses to route messages through each of these systems based on recent data about latency and availability to ensure reliable message passing.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages176
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5D00-73716


  • communications
  • distribution
  • hybrid
  • opportunistic
  • photovoltaic
  • PV


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