Opportunities for Clean Energy in Natural Gas Well Operations: Preprint

Kathleen Krah, Sean Ericson, Xiangkun Li, Opeoluwa Olawale, Ricardo Castillo, Emily Newes, Jill Engel-Cox

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The oil and gas industry is increasingly seeking operational improvements to reduce both costs and emissions. Currently, oil and gas directly and indirectly contributes forty-two percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, with over twenty percent of the industry’s emissions coming from operations. Given the opportunity for emissions reductions, this study describes techno-economic analysis evaluating opportunities for distributed energy generation and storage technologies – including solar photovoltaics (PV), distributed wind energy, and battery energy storage – to support companies’ energy cost savings targets, clean energy goals, and energy resiliency needs at hypothetical upstream well sites in the Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania, both grid-connected and off-grid. These technologies reduce the site’s consumption of grid electricity and natural gas and thus help reduce Scope 1 and 2 emissions associated with electricity and natural gas. For each scenario, a cost of avoided emissions was calculated; these values can be compared to internal organizational value placed on emissions reductions, compared to other emissions reduction strategies such as energy efficiency, reducing flaring, and direct carbon capture and sequestration, and compared to existing (albeit limited) U.S. carbon markets such as California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard. The study also explores the ability of these electric clean energy technologies to support site resiliency against utility outages.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2020
Event14th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (IEEE SYSCON 2020) -
Duration: 24 Aug 202027 Aug 2020


Conference14th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (IEEE SYSCON 2020)

Bibliographical note

See NREL/CP-6A50-79029 for paper as published in proceedings

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-6A50-76778


  • emissions
  • integration
  • oil and gas
  • renewable energy
  • resiliency
  • techno-economic optimization


Dive into the research topics of 'Opportunities for Clean Energy in Natural Gas Well Operations: Preprint'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this