Hybrid power plants show promise to provide significant value to the electric grid system especially as shares of renewable energy in systems increase from 10% to 20% or more. Many manufacturers and developers are proactively developing hybrid power plant strategies to ensure plant profitability in markets where it’s important to provide energy that is more predictable and controllable, with higher capacity values, as well as various ancillary services to the grid system. However, there still are many questions around if and when hybrid power plants make sense versus leaving it to the larger grid system to ensure low cost and reliable supply by engaging directly with all individual assets.This report summarizes literature on the state-of-the-art in research concerning hybrid power plants from multiple perspectives including: 1) resource and market opportunities, 2) technology selection and sizing, 3) physical design, and 4) operation and control. The emphasis was placed on wind and solar hybrid power plants (with or without storage) but additional technologies were briefly considered and merit further investigation.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages79
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5000-75026


  • design
  • hybrid power plants
  • optimization


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